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Issue 1, 2017
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A review on special wettability textiles: theoretical models, fabrication technologies and multifunctional applications

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Abstract

Inspired by the superhydrophobic lotus surface in nature, special wettability has attracted a lot of interest and attention in both academia and industry. In this review, theoretical models and fabrication strategies of superhydrophobic textiles have been discussed in detail. The strategies for constructing fabric surfaces with an anti-wetting property are categorized and discussed based on the morphology of particles coated on the textile fibre. Such special wettability textile surfaces are demonstrated with self-cleaning, oil/water separation, self-healing, UV-blocking, photocatalytic, anti-bacterial, and flame-retardant performances. Correspondingly, potential applications have been illustrated for self-cleaning, oil/water separation, asymmetric/anisotropic wetting janus fabric, microfluidic manipulation, and micro-templates for patterning. In each section, representative studies are highlighted with emphasis on the special wetting ability and other relevant properties. Finally, the difficulties and challenges for practical application were briefly discussed.

Graphical abstract: A review on special wettability textiles: theoretical models, fabrication technologies and multifunctional applications

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Sep 2016, accepted on 26 Oct 2016 and first published on 26 Oct 2016


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C6TA07984A
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017,5, 31-55
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    A review on special wettability textiles: theoretical models, fabrication technologies and multifunctional applications

    S. Li, J. Huang, Z. Chen, G. Chen and Y. Lai, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 31
    DOI: 10.1039/C6TA07984A

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