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Issue 36, 2017
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Stable & re-dispersible polyacryloyl hydrazide–Ag nanocomposite Pickering emulsions

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Abstract

Freeze drying and re-dispersibility of oil-in-water (o/w) emulsions is important from the perspective of storage, transportation and usability. A set of stable and re-dispersible o/w emulsions using polyacryloyl hydrazide (PAHz) capped Ag nanoparticles (NP) as the stabilizer is reported in which the NP size (Davg) and PAHz concentration collectively controlled the stability and re-dispersibility of the emulsion system. O/w emulsions prepared using different concentrations of PAHz (0.05–0.25 g mL−1) and sizes of Ag NPs (10–25 nm) were analyzed by DLS, IFT, contact angle, SEM, and rheological studies. The emulsion stabilized by 0.05 g mL−1 of PAHz and Ag NPs (Davg ≈ 20 nm, 5 wt% PAHz–Ag NPs) was unstable against coalescence, exhibited maximum oil leakage during freeze-drying and lacked re-dispersibility. The stability of the Pickering emulsions was inversely proportional to the Davg of the Ag NPs. The presence of Ag NPs possessing Davg ≈ 10 nm and 0.25 g mL−1 of PAHz in the aqueous phase (25 wt% PAHz–Ag NPs) stabilized the Pickering emulsions for up to 30 days without any sign of creaming and the oil powders (oil content ≈ 98%) obtained after freeze drying exhibited adequate re-dispersibility in aqueous media. In addition, the emulsion stabilized by 25 wt% PAHz–Ag NPs showed maximum recovery of the viscosity value after re-dispersion and exhibited similar shear-thinning behavior to that of the original sample. Furthermore, the trends of moduli vs. frequency for the re-dispersed samples were similar to that of the original samples suggesting that the structural arrangements between Ag NPs and oil droplets were least affected by the drying process. Thus, we conclude that o/w emulsions stabilized by PAHz–Ag NPs can be a potential alternative to produce stable oil powders or gels for industrial applications.

Graphical abstract: Stable & re-dispersible polyacryloyl hydrazide–Ag nanocomposite Pickering emulsions

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Jul 2017, accepted on 29 Jul 2017 and first published on 31 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SM01364G
Citation: Soft Matter, 2017,13, 6118-6128
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    Stable & re-dispersible polyacryloyl hydrazide–Ag nanocomposite Pickering emulsions

    R. Narukulla, U. Ojha and T. Sharma, Soft Matter, 2017, 13, 6118
    DOI: 10.1039/C7SM01364G

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