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Issue 37, 2017
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A theory for the effect of patch/non-patch attractions on the self-assembly of patchy colloids

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Abstract

In this paper, we develop a thermodynamic perturbation theory to describe the self-assembly of patchy colloids which exhibit both patch–patch attractions as well as patch/non-patch attractions. That is, patches attract other patches as well as the no patch region (we call this region Ψ). In general, the patch–patch and patch–Ψ attractions operate on different energy scales allowing for a competition between different modes of attraction. This competition may result in anomalous thermodynamic properties. As an application, we tune the patch parameters to reproduce the liquid density (suitably scaled) maximum of water. It is then shown that the liquid branch of the colloids phase diagram has liquid densities consistent with both saturated and super-cooled liquid water. Finally, it is shown that the colloids reproduce water's anomalous minimum in isothermal compressibility and negative volume expansivity.

Graphical abstract: A theory for the effect of patch/non-patch attractions on the self-assembly of patchy colloids

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Publication details

The article was received on 27 Jun 2017, accepted on 04 Sep 2017 and first published on 11 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SM01263B
Citation: Soft Matter, 2017,13, 6506-6514
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    A theory for the effect of patch/non-patch attractions on the self-assembly of patchy colloids

    B. D. Marshall, Soft Matter, 2017, 13, 6506
    DOI: 10.1039/C7SM01263B

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