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Dynamic behaviour of Multilamellar Vesicles under Poiseuille flow

Abstract

Surfactant solutions exhibit multilamellar surfactant vesicles (MLVs) under flow conditions and in concentration ranges which are found in a large number of industrial applications. MLVs are typically formed from a lamellar phase and play an important role in determining the rheological properties of surfactant solutions. Despite the wide literature on the collective dynamics of flowing MLVs, investigations on the flow behavior of single MLVs are scarce. In this work, we investigate a concentrated aqueous solution of linear alkylbenzene sulfonic acid (HLAS), characterized by MLVs dispersed in an isotropic micellar phase. Rheological tests show that the HLAS solution is a shear-thinning fluid with a power law index dependent on the shear rate. Pressure-driven shear flow of the HLAS solution in glass capillaries is investigated by high-speed video microscopy and image analysis. The so obtained velocity profiles provide evidence of a power-law fluid behaviour of the HLAS solution and images show a flow-focusing effect of the lamellar phase in the central core of the capillary. The flow behavior of individual MLVs shows analogies with that of unilamellar vesicles and emulsion droplets. Deformed MLVs exhibit typical shapes of unilamellar vesicles, such as parachute and bullet-like. Furthermore, MLV velocity follows the classical Hetsroni theory for droplets provided that the power law shear dependent viscosity of the HLAS solution is taken into account. The results of this work are relevant for the processing of surfactant-based systems in which the final properties depend on flow-induced morphology, such as cosmetic formulations and food products.

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 May 2017, accepted on 10 Aug 2017 and first published on 10 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SM00867H
Citation: Soft Matter, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Dynamic behaviour of Multilamellar Vesicles under Poiseuille flow

    A. Pommella, D. Donnarumma, S. Caserta and S. Guido, Soft Matter, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7SM00867H

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