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Issue 41, 2017
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Friction controls even submerged granular flows

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We investigate the coupling between the interstitial medium and granular particles by studying the hopper flow of dry and submerged systems experimentally and numerically. In accordance with earlier studies, we find that the dry hopper empties at a constant rate. However, in the submerged system we observe the surging of the flow rate. We model both systems using the discrete element method, which we couple with computational fluid dynamics in the case of a submerged hopper. We are able to match the simulations and the experiments with good accuracy by fitting the particle–particle contact friction for each system separately. Submerging the hopper changes the particle–particle contact friction from μvacuum = 0.15 to μsub = 0.13, while all the other simulation parameters remain the same.

Graphical abstract: Friction controls even submerged granular flows

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The article was received on 24 Apr 2017, accepted on 15 Sep 2017 and first published on 15 Sep 2017

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SM00806F
Citation: Soft Matter, 2017,13, 7657-7664
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    Friction controls even submerged granular flows

    J. Koivisto, M. Korhonen, M. Alava, C. P. Ortiz, D. J. Durian and A. Puisto, Soft Matter, 2017, 13, 7657
    DOI: 10.1039/C7SM00806F

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