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Membrane structure formation induced by two types of banana-shaped proteins

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Abstract

The assembly of banana-shaped rodlike proteins on membranes and the associated membrane shape transformations are investigated by analytical theory and coarse-grained simulations. The membrane-mediated interactions between two banana-shaped inclusions are derived theoretically using a point-like formalism based on fixed anisotropic curvatures, both for zero surface tension and for finite surface tension. On a larger scale, the interactions between the assemblies of such rodlike inclusions are determined analytically. Meshless membrane simulations are performed in the presence of a large number of inclusions of two types, corresponding to the curved rods of opposite curvatures, both for flat membranes and vesicles. Rods of the same type aggregate into linear assemblies perpendicular to the rod axis, leading to membrane tubulation. However, rods of the other type, those of opposite curvature, are attracted to the lateral sides of these assemblies, and stabilize a straight bump structure that prevents tubulation. When the two types of rods have almost opposite curvatures, the bumps attract one another, forming a striped structure. Positive surface tension is found to stabilize stripe formation. The simulation results agree well with the theoretical predictions provided the point-like curvatures of the model are scaled-down to account for the effective flexibility of the simulated rods.

Graphical abstract: Membrane structure formation induced by two types of banana-shaped proteins

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Feb 2017, accepted on 11 May 2017 and first published on 12 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SM00305F
Citation: Soft Matter, 2017, Advance Article
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    Membrane structure formation induced by two types of banana-shaped proteins

    H. Noguchi and J. Fournier, Soft Matter, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7SM00305F

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