Viscosity of particulate soap films: approaching the jamming of 2D capillary suspensions
We compute the effective viscosity of particulate soap films thanks to local velocity fields obtained by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) during film retraction experiments. We identify the jamming of these 2D capillary suspensions at a critical particle surface fraction (≃ 0.84) where effective viscosity diverges. Pair correlation function and number of closest neighbors reveal the cohesive nature of this 2D capillary granular media that can not be described by Edward’s statistical mechanics. The experimental 2D dynamic viscosities can be predicted by a model considering viscous dissipation at the liquid interfaces induced by the motion of individual particles.