Cavity shape transformation during peeling on elastic microchannel-patterned substrates filled with a viscous liquid
Inspired by the detachment mechanics of natural adhesive pads, we studied the change in cavity shape during peel tests on a 10% cross-linked polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) elastic microchannel filled with 1% cross-linked viscous PDMS liquid (patterned bilayer). During peeling, we explored cavity shape as a function of microchannel dimensions and correlated the dimensionless cavity shape factor (CSF) and characteristic stress decay length, K−1. The peel test on the liquid-filled elastic microchannel shows three distinct cavity-shape regimes, elliptical, circular, and binary, based on the values of CSF and K−1. Such cavity formation and shape regimes could be important for improving the design of pressure-sensitive adhesives.