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Issue 3, 2018
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A reduced graphene oxide–NiO composite electrode with a high and stable capacitance

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Abstract

We report a vacuum-thermal strategy for the preparation of a composite electrode material consisting of reduced graphene oxide and nickel oxide nanoparticles, which displays interesting electrocapacitive properties. Graphene oxide thermally expands in a vacuum and simultaneously nickel(II) acetylacetonate decomposes to form NiO nanoparticles between graphene layers. This method not only allows the uniform dispersion of NiO nanoparticles between graphene layers but also enables simultaneous reduction of graphene oxide. The structural and electrochemical advantages of both reduced graphene oxide and nanoscale NiO particles are maintained. The reduced graphene oxide–NiO composite exhibits a specific capacitance of 880 F g−1 at a current density of 1 A g−1 in 6 M KOH and a 93.1% retention of initial capacitance after 5000 cycles at 5 A g−1.

Graphical abstract: A reduced graphene oxide–NiO composite electrode with a high and stable capacitance

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Aug 2017, accepted on 15 Dec 2017 and first published on 18 Dec 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00420F
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018,2, 673-678
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    A reduced graphene oxide–NiO composite electrode with a high and stable capacitance

    X. Sun, H. Lu, P. Liu, T. E. Rufford, R. R. Gaddam, X. Fan and X. S. Zhao, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, 2, 673
    DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00420F

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