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Destabilisation of Ca(BH4)2 and Mg(BH4)2 via confinement in nanoporous Cu2S hollow spheres

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Abstract

Complex borohydrides of calcium (Ca(BH4)2) and magnesium (Mg(BH4)2) have gained increasing attention as promising hydrogen storage materials due to their high volumetric and gravimetric density. However, these borohydrides suffer from high desorption temperatures and poor hydrogen reversibility. In this study, Ca(BH4)2 and Mg(BH4)2 were confined within the porosity of Cu2S hollow spheres. Upon confinement, hydrogen was released at a temperature as low as 50 °C and full hydrogen release was completed by 300 °C. Upon cycling at 300 °C and 6 MPa H2 pressure, some hydrogen uptake of 0.9 and 0.5 mass% was achieved for these composite materials, i.e. Ca(BH4)2@Cu2S and Mg(BH4)2@Cu2S, respectively. Partial rehydrogenation was confirmed by FTIR proving the regeneration of borohydride phases. The nature of these improvements was studied through comparison to the physical mixture of borohydrides and Cu2S hollow spheres, and the results confirmed the effect of nanoconfinement in facilitating the destabilisation of Ca(BH4)2 and Mg(BH4)2. These results confirm that a well-designed nanoporous structure confining the decomposition products of borohydrides during hydrogen release could potentially lead to high reversible hydrogen storage material.

Graphical abstract: Destabilisation of Ca(BH4)2 and Mg(BH4)2 via confinement in nanoporous Cu2S hollow spheres

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 Mar 2017, accepted on 24 May 2017 and first published on 25 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00121E
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2017, Advance Article
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    Destabilisation of Ca(BH4)2 and Mg(BH4)2 via confinement in nanoporous Cu2S hollow spheres

    Q. Lai and K. Aguey-Zinsou, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00121E

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