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Biomass-derived carbon electrode materials for supercapacitors

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Abstract

This review provides a summary of recent research progress towards biomass-derived carbon electrode materials, including specific cellulose-, lignin- and hemicellulose-derived carbon electrode materials, for supercapacitors. Various lab-scale methods for preparing biomass-derived carbons, including carbonisation and/or activation conditions are discussed. Control over the pore structure, electrical conductivity, and surface functional groups of biomass-derived carbons for enhancing electrocapacitive performance is analysed. Emphasis is made on discussing cellulose-, lignin- and hemicellulose-derived carbon electrode materials for supercapacitor applications. Future research trends in this field are projected.

Graphical abstract: Biomass-derived carbon electrode materials for supercapacitors

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Feb 2017, accepted on 15 May 2017 and first published on 17 May 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00099E
Citation: Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2017, Advance Article
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    Biomass-derived carbon electrode materials for supercapacitors

    H. Lu and X. S. Zhao, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7SE00099E

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