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Visible-Light-Induced Oxidant and Metal-Free Dehydrogenative Cascade Trifluoromethylation and Oxidation of 1,6-Enynes with Water

Abstract

Generally, oxy-trifluoromethylation in olefins is achieved by using oxidants and transition metal catalysts. However, labile olefins remain unexplored due to their incompatibility to harsh reaction conditions. Here, an unprecedented light-induced oxidant and metal-free tandem radical cyclization-trifluoromethylation and dehydrogenative oxygenation of 1,6-enynes has been achieved using a photoredox catalyst; phenanthrene-9,10-dione (PQ), Langlois’ reagent (CF3SO2Na) and water as an oxygen source. This benign protocol allows access to various CF3-containing C3-aryloyl/acylated benzofurans, benzothiophenes, and indoles. Moreover, oxidized undesired products, which inherently formed by the cleavage of vinylic carbon and heteroatom bond, have been circumvented under oxidant free conditions. The mechanistic investigations by UV-visible, ESR, electrochemical studies, isotope labeling and density functional theory (DFT) suggest that the light induced PQ produced CF3 radical from CF3SO2Na. The generated CF3 radical adds to the alkene followed by cyclization provide vinylic radical which transfer an electron to PQ and generates vinylic cation. Alternatively, electron transfer may occur from CF3-added alkene moiety, forming a carbocabocation, which would undergo cationic cyclization to generate vinylic carbocation. The subsequent addition of water to the vinylic cation followed by the elimination of hydrogen gas led to the formation of trifluoromethylated C3-aryloyl/acylated heterocycles.

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Jun 2017, accepted on 08 Jul 2017 and first published on 10 Jul 2017


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7SC02556D
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2017, Accepted Manuscript
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Visible-Light-Induced Oxidant and Metal-Free Dehydrogenative Cascade Trifluoromethylation and Oxidation of 1,6-Enynes with Water

    S. jana, A. Verma, R. V. Kadu and S. KUMAR, Chem. Sci., 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7SC02556D

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