Dual-encapsulation of octadecanol in thermal/electric conductor for enhanced thermoconductivity and efficient energy storage
Owing to the high energy density of phase change materials, latent heat storage systems have been an effective strategy for the improvement of energy efficiency. The severe limitations of their extensive application are the potential leakage and low thermal conductivity. Herein, we developed a facile dual-encapsulation method to solve the abovementioned problems in the phase change composite composed of octadecanol, a high thermal/electrical conductive macroporous graphite foam and a thin waterborne polyurethane (WPU) film. After dual-encapsulation, the thermal conductivity of the composite was 20 times higher than that of pure phase change material (PCM) octadecanol. As a result, the composite exhibited a reduced supercooling degree and rapid thermal energy charging behaviors, as well as electro-to-heat conversion ability. This study gives a new perspective for the synergistic enhancement of both the thermal and electric conductivity of functional PCMs for thermal energy storage and conversion.