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Issue 12, 1990
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Bis(diphenylphosphino)methane-assisted synthesis of iron–platinum and –palladium clusters. Crystal structures of [Fe2Pt(µ-dppm)(CO)8] and [FePt2(µ-dppm)(CO)6](dppm = Ph2PCH2PPh2)

Abstract

Reactions of [MCl2(dppm-PP′)](dppm = Ph2PCH2PPh2) complexes with iron carbonyl reagents afforded dppm-bridged Fe–M mixed-metal complexes: [Fe2Pt(µ-dppm)(CO)8](1) was best obtained using [Fe2(CO)9], [FePt2(µ-dppm)(CO)6](2) by the reaction with K[Fe(CO)3(NO)], [FePt2(µ-dppm)2(CO)4](4) by the reaction with Na2[Fe(CO)4], and [Fe2Pd(µ-dppm)2(CO)6](5) by the reaction with Na2[Fe2(CO)8]. Reactions of [PdM(µ-dppm)2Cl2] with Na2[Fe(CO4)] afforded [FeMPd(µ-dppm)2(CO)4](6; M = Pd) and (7; M = Pt) in high yields. Cluster (7) was shown to exist in two isomeric forms. The kinetic isomer, isolated pure at –20 °C, contains a terminal Pd-bound carbonyl whereas the thermodynamic isomer has a terminal Pt-bound carbonyl ligand. A 1 : 1 ratio is observed at equilibrium. The cluster [Fe2Pt(µ-dppm)2(CO)6](3) was obtained quantitatively by reaction of (1) or [Fe2Pt(CO)9(PPh3)] with 1 or 2 equivalents of dppm. These reactions were shown to occur first by substitution of the Pt-bound carbonyl ligand. Low-yield interconversion of (1) and (2) was observed as a result of metal-exchange reactions. The structures of clusters (1) and (2) have been established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies. In (1) a Fe–Pt bond is bridged by the dppm ligand and Fe(1)–Fe(2) 2.740(2), Pt–Fe(1) 2.542(1), and Pt–Fe(2) 2.557(1)Å. In (2) the Pt–Pt bond is bridged by the dppm ligand and Fe–Pt(1) 2.541(3), Fe–Pt(2) 2.541(4), and Pt(1)–Pt(2) 2.581 (1)Å. The i.r. and n.m.r. spectra (1H, 1H-{31P}, and 31P-{1H}) of the new compounds are reported and discussed.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/DT9900003801
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1990, 3801-3814
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    Bis(diphenylphosphino)methane-assisted synthesis of iron–platinum and –palladium clusters. Crystal structures of [Fe2Pt(µ-dppm)(CO)8] and [FePt2(µ-dppm)(CO)6](dppm = Ph2PCH2PPh2)

    P. Braunstein, J. Richert and Y. Dusausoy, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1990, 3801
    DOI: 10.1039/DT9900003801

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