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Issue 6, 1999
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Thermodynamic and spectroscopic studies on the complexation of silver(I) by mixed phosphorus–nitrogen ligands in dimethyl sulfoxide and propylene carbonate

Abstract

The results of a thermodynamic study concerning Ag(I) complexation in dimethyl sulfoxide (dmso) and propylene carbonate (4-methyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one, pc) with the mixed P–N ligands: 1-(diphenylphosphino)-2-(dimethylamino)ethane (Me2Npe), 1-(diphenylphosphino)-2-(dimethylamino)benzene (Me2Npph), 1-(diphenylphosphino)-3-(dimethylamino)propane (Me2Npp) and 1-(diphenylphosphino)-2-(2-pyridyl)ethane (ppye) are reported. Potentiometric and calorimetric measurements have been performed to obtain, respectively, free energy and enthalpy data for the reactions at 298 K and 0.1 mol dm–3 ionic strength (NEt4ClO4). A common feature of the different ligands is the formation of successive mononuclear complexes [AgLj]+ (j = 1–3) both in dmso and pc. In the former solvent Me2Npph gives only the first two species. Me2Npe, Me2Npp and ppye also form appreciable amounts of the dinuclear species [Ag2L]2+ and [Ag2L2]2+ in pc. All the complexes are strongly enthalpy stabilized, the entropy changes being unfavourable. The ligands behave as P donors in dmso, while are normally chelating or bridging in behaviour in pc, depending on the stoichiometry of the species formed. The results are discussed in terms of the steric requirements of the species and of the different donor properties of the solvents. 31P-{1H} and 1H NMR studies and FT-IR investigations have also been performed to obtain additional information on the nature of the species in solution.

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Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/A807556E
Citation: J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1999, 979-986
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    Thermodynamic and spectroscopic studies on the complexation of silver(I) by mixed phosphorus–nitrogen ligands in dimethyl sulfoxide and propylene carbonate

    A. Del Zotto, P. Di Bernardo, M. Tolazzi and P. Luigi Zanonato, J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1999, 979
    DOI: 10.1039/A807556E

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