Polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane-based hybrid materials and their applications
POSS are nano-sized stable 3-dimensional architectures which consist of alternate Si–O bonds to form cage structures with Si atoms as vertices. The mono- or multi-functional POSS could be prepared through modification of their reactive organic functional groups attached in the vertex positions. Depending on the structure and reactivity of those vertex groups, POSS are allowed to be introduced into virtually any existing polymer systems. This review paper summarizes the recent development on the preparation and properties of POSS-containing polymers. In addition, this review paper also gives an overview of the recent development in the area of a wide range of POSS-based composite systems for a variety of applications including fluorescence sensors, liquid crystals, photoresist materials, low dielectric constant materials, organic semiconductors, energy-related materials, drug and gene delivery systems, coating materials and special rubber materials.