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Issue 12, 2017
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Boosting the ultrastable Li storage performance in electron-sponge-like polyoxovanadates by constructing inorganic 3D structures

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Abstract

Polyoxometalates act as an electron sponge, processing multielectron redox reactions and acting as a fast ionic conductor. They show great potential as promising electrode materials for next-generation lithium ion batteries (LIBs). However, there are still some fundamental issues which should be solved before their application can be realized, such as determining the stable structural feature with reversible Li+ ion insertion/desertion. In this work, polyoxovanadates (POVs) based materials of K4Na2V10O28·nH2O (KNaV10) and Mg2(NH4)2V10O28·nH2O (MgV10) have been prepared and used as the electrode material for a Li+ ion reservoir. The 10-core polyoxovanadate is demonstrated as a anionic building block and the 3D extended structure has been smartly tuned by counter cations. For MgV10, a 1D tunnel with an approximate size of 3 Å × 10 Å was formed along the a axis by Mg2+ ions and [V10O28]6− polyanions. The MgV10 shows a higher capacity, cycling stability, and rate performance than that of KNaV10 without tunnels. The capacity of MgV10 is about 160 mA h g−1 at a high discharge rate of 250 mA g−1, while it is only 118 mA h g−1 for KNaV10. Even after 60 discharge/charge cycles at 50 mA g−1, it displayed a capacity of 180 mA h g−1. The 1D tunnel in MgV10 facilitates the Li+ ion transport and provides spatial Li storage sites, which promotes the electrochemical performance in LIBs. Moreover, the Mg2+ ions remained stable during battery cycling and promoted the 3D structure stability. This work demonstrates promising guidelines for the structural design of POVs based materials for Li storage.

Graphical abstract: Boosting the ultrastable Li storage performance in electron-sponge-like polyoxovanadates by constructing inorganic 3D structures

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Sep 2017, accepted on 12 Oct 2017 and first published on 13 Oct 2017


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7QI00581D
Citation: Inorg. Chem. Front., 2017,4, 2012-2016
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    Boosting the ultrastable Li storage performance in electron-sponge-like polyoxovanadates by constructing inorganic 3D structures

    S. Lu, Y. Lv, W. Ma, X. Lei, R. Zhang, H. Liu and X. Liu, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2017, 4, 2012
    DOI: 10.1039/C7QI00581D

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