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Issue 10, 2017
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New molecular insights into the stability of Ni–Pd hollow nanoparticles

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Abstract

In this study, the thermal behaviors of pure Ni and Pd as well as Ni@Pd, and Pd@Ni hollow nanoclusters were investigated by MD simulations. The Ni@Pd hollow nanoclusters exhibited more thermodynamic stability and a higher melting point than the Pd@Ni ones. This result is opposite to the trend demonstrated by the corresponding bulk materials, which could be related to the effect of the hollow core. Due to the small difference between the melting points of bulk Pd and Ni, a two-step melting behavior was not observed for the hollow Pd–Ni nanoclusters. The differences between the thermodynamic stabilities of the simulated nanoclusters were related to the concentration of Pd atoms in the shell and Ni atoms in the core regions due to the lower surface energy of Pd atoms and the higher cohesive and binding energy of Ni atoms. Also, a larger nanocluster size led to a faster diffusion of Pd atoms toward the shell of the nanocluster. Moreover, the diffusion of Pd atoms to the surface and Ni atoms to the core region for Pd@Ni nanoclusters near the melting point and the increase in the ordered atoms under these circumstances led to a higher melting point of this nanocluster in comparison with the Ni@Pd nanoclusters. These results indicate the potential for the future construction of nanocatalysts based on bimetallic nanoclusters with core–shell hollow structures.

Graphical abstract: New molecular insights into the stability of Ni–Pd hollow nanoparticles

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Jun 2017, accepted on 14 Aug 2017 and first published on 17 Aug 2017


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7QI00370F
Citation: Inorg. Chem. Front., 2017,4, 1679-1690
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    New molecular insights into the stability of Ni–Pd hollow nanoparticles

    H. Akbarzadeh, E. Mehrjouei, A. N. Shamkhali, M. Abbaspour, S. Salemi and S. Ramezanzadeh, Inorg. Chem. Front., 2017, 4, 1679
    DOI: 10.1039/C7QI00370F

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