Tunable design of yolk–shell ZnFe2O4@RGO@TiO2 microspheres for enhanced high-frequency microwave absorption
A series of yolk–shell ZnFe2O4@reduced graphite oxide@TiO2 (ZFO@RGO@TiO2) microspheres with different void sizes and TiO2 shell thicknesses has been successfully synthesized by combining a layer-by-layer coating process and chemical etching route. Compared to pure ZFO and hierarchical ZFO@SiO2@RGO@TiO2, the as-synthesized yolk–shell microspheres exhibited significantly enhanced microwave absorption properties in terms of effective bandwidth and reflection loss. Among these, the minimum reflection loss of the as-synthesized yolk–shell microspheres with a thickness of 2.6 mm could reach up to −44.3 dB at 15.92 GHz, and their effective absorption bandwidth at less than −10 dB was 4.1 GHz. In addition, as the shell thickness of the yolk–shell microspheres decreased, the frequency corresponding to the minimum reflection loss shifted to the high-frequency range. Hence, these obtained yolk–shell microspheres are potential new candidates for high-frequency shielding and lightweight microwave absorbing materials.