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A light-mediated metal-free atom transfer radical chain transfer reaction for the controlled hydrogenation of poly(vinylidene fluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene)

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Abstract

A light-mediated metal-free atom transfer radical chain transfer reaction (ATRCT) strategy is proposed for the controlled hydrogenation of poly(vinylidene fluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-CTFE)) in present work. In this process, C–Cl bonds on CTFE units in P(VDF-CTFE) are firstly activated by the photoexcited catalyst under light. The subsequent chain transfer reaction of the generated macro-radicals to either polar solvents or chain transfer reagents could finely convert part or all the CTFE units into trifluoroethylenes (TrFEs) depending on the loading concentration of the chain transfer reagents and the reaction time. The hydrogenation reaction could be conducted under mild conditions and shows excellent controllable characteristics, which offers a facile, efficient, economic, and metal-free approach to synthesize P(VDF-TrFE) or P(VDF-TrFE-CTFE) from P(VDF-CTFE). In particular, this process could completely avoid issues associated with the residue of the metal ions in the target product, which have been recognized as the major resource of dielectric loss in the polymers utilized under high electric field.

Graphical abstract: A light-mediated metal-free atom transfer radical chain transfer reaction for the controlled hydrogenation of poly(vinylidene fluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene)

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Nov 2017, accepted on 28 Nov 2017 and first published on 29 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7PY01870C
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2018, Advance Article
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    A light-mediated metal-free atom transfer radical chain transfer reaction for the controlled hydrogenation of poly(vinylidene fluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene)

    S. B. Tan, Y. F. Zhao, W. W. Zhang, P. Gao, W. W. Zhu and Z. C. Zhang, Polym. Chem., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7PY01870C

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