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A facile route to well-defined imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquid)s of enhanced conductivity via RAFT

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Abstract

The synthesis of well-defined imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) by reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization is demonstrated. Two specially designed monomeric ionic liquids (MILs), such as 1-methyl-3-vinylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide [MVIM][NTf2] and 1-ethyl-3-vinylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide [EVIM][NTf2] were polymerized with the 2,2′-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) initiator in the presence of a trithiocarbonate RAFT agent. Depending on the varied ratios of the monomer to CTA ([monomer]/[CTA] = 100/1; 400/1; 1000/1) we obtained P[MVIM][NTf2] and P[EVIM][NTf2] homopolymers with the number-average molecular weights (Mn) in a broad range Mn = 2.5–340.0 kDa and Mn = 2.1–450.0 kDa, respectively. The controlled character of the polymerization of each ionic monomer was confirmed by the pseudo-first order kinetic, a linear increase in the Mn with conversion and relatively narrow dispersity indices (Đ = 1.09–1.37 for P[MVIM][NTf2] and Đ = 1.10–1.41 for P[EVIM][NTf2]). Additionally, the obtained macromolecules are characterized by the enhanced/or comparable conductivity in comparison with those reported in the literature [Wojnarowska et al., Macromolecules, 2014, 47, 4056–4065 and Fan et al., Macromolecules, 2016, 49, 4557–4570], indicating that we are able to produce polymers of high molecular weights characterized by relatively high conductivity (σdc ∼ 10−9 at Tg). Finally, we found quite unexpected evolution of Tg vs. Mn of the produced polymers in the limit of low molecular weight, which seems to correspond to those observed in the case of van der Waals polymers such as polystyrene or polyisobutylene.

Graphical abstract: A facile route to well-defined imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquid)s of enhanced conductivity via RAFT

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Jun 2017, accepted on 01 Aug 2017 and first published on 02 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7PY01046J
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    A facile route to well-defined imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquid)s of enhanced conductivity via RAFT

    P. Maksym, M. Tarnacka, A. Dzienia, K. Erfurt, A. Chrobok, A. Zięba, K. Wolnica, K. Kaminski and M. Paluch, Polym. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7PY01046J

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