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Issue 32, 2017
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Amide rotation trajectories probed by symmetry

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Abstract

Amide rotation of peptidyl–prolyl fragments is an important factor in backbone structure organization of proteins. Computational studies have indicated that this rotation preferentially proceeds through a defined transition-state structure (syn/exo). Here, we complement the computational findings by determining the amide bond rotation barriers for derivatives of the two symmetric proline analogues, meso and racemic pyrrolidine-2,5-dicarboxylic acids. The rotations around these residues represent syn/exosyn/exo and anti/endosyn/exo hybrid transition states for the meso and racemic diastereomer, respectively. The rotation barriers are lower for the former rotation by about 9 kJ mol−1 (aqueous medium), suggesting a strong preference for the syn/exo (clockwise) rotation over the anti/endo (anticlockwise) rotation. The results show that both hybrid rotation processes are enthalpically driven but respond differently to solvent polarity changes due to the different transition state dipole–dipole interactions.

Graphical abstract: Amide rotation trajectories probed by symmetry

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Jun 2017, accepted on 22 Jul 2017 and first published on 24 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7OB01421J
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017,15, 6764-6772
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    Amide rotation trajectories probed by symmetry

    V. Kubyshkin and N. Budisa, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017, 15, 6764
    DOI: 10.1039/C7OB01421J

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