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Chain-breaking antioxidant activity of hydroxylated and methoxylated magnolol derivatives: the role of H-bonds

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Abstract

Chemical modification of magnolol, an uncommon dimeric neolignan contained in Magnolia genus trees, provides a unique array of polyphenols having interesting biological activity potentially related to radical scavenging. The chain-breaking antioxidant activity of four new hydroxylated and methoxylated magnolol derivatives was explored by experimental and computational methods. The measurement of the rate constant of the reaction with ROO˙ radicals (kinh) in an apolar solvent showed that the introduction of hydroxyl groups ortho to the phenolic OH in magnolol increased the kinh value, being 2.4 × 105 M−1 s−1 and 3.3 × 105 M−1 s−1 for the mono and the dihydroxy derivatives respectively (kinh of magnolol is 6.1 × 104 M−1 s−1). The di-methoxylated derivative is less reactive than magnolol (kinh = 1.1 × 104 M−1 s−1), while the insertion of both hydroxyl and methoxyl groups showed no effect (6.0 × 104 M−1 s−1). Infrared spectroscopy and theoretical calculations allowed a rationalization of these results and pointed out the crucial role of intramolecular H-bonds. We also show that a correct estimation of the rate constant of the reaction with ROO˙ radicals, by using BDE(OH) calculations, requires that the geometry of the radical is as close as possible to that of the parent phenol.

Graphical abstract: Chain-breaking antioxidant activity of hydroxylated and methoxylated magnolol derivatives: the role of H-bonds

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 May 2017, accepted on 30 Jun 2017 and first published on 30 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7OB01195D
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Chain-breaking antioxidant activity of hydroxylated and methoxylated magnolol derivatives: the role of H-bonds

    A. Baschieri, L. Pulvirenti, V. Muccilli, R. Amorati and C. Tringali, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7OB01195D

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