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Issue 24, 2017
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Chemoenzymatic synthesis of optically active phenolic 3,4-dihydropyridin-2-ones: a way to access enantioenriched 1,4-dihydropyridine and benzodiazepine derivatives

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Abstract

A chemoenzymatic approach for the synthesis of optically active 4-(3-acetoxyphenyl)-5-(alkoxycarbonyl)-6-methyl-3,4-dihydropyridin-2-ones (3,4-DHP-2-ones) and their hydroxyphenyl derivatives has been developed, the key step being a Candida rugosa lipase (CRL)-catalyzed hydrolysis reaction. As a result, different optically active 3,4-DHP-2-ones have been prepared with very high enantiomeric excesses (ee = 94–99%) and good yields. The enantioenriched 3,4-DHP-2-ones have easily been converted into highly functionalized (R)- and (S)-1,4-dihydropyridines (1,4-DHPs) by means of a Vilsmeier–Haack reaction. Finally, the coupling of the 1,4-DHPs with benzene-1,2-diamine using TFA as an acid promoter provided us the corresponding optically active hybrid 1,5-benzodiazepine-1,4-dihydropyridine (BZD-DHP) derivatives. No racemization took place in these processes and all optically active compounds were obtained in excellent yields.

Graphical abstract: Chemoenzymatic synthesis of optically active phenolic 3,4-dihydropyridin-2-ones: a way to access enantioenriched 1,4-dihydropyridine and benzodiazepine derivatives

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Publication details

The article was received on 02 May 2017, accepted on 30 May 2017 and first published on 31 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7OB01066D
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017,15, 5171-5181
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    Chemoenzymatic synthesis of optically active phenolic 3,4-dihydropyridin-2-ones: a way to access enantioenriched 1,4-dihydropyridine and benzodiazepine derivatives

    S. Y. Torres, R. Brieva and F. Rebolledo, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017, 15, 5171
    DOI: 10.1039/C7OB01066D

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