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Probing the pharmacokinetics of cucurbit[7, 8 and 10]uril: and a dinuclear ruthenium antimicrobial complex encapsulated in cucurbit[10]uril

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Abstract

The relatively non-toxic family of cucurbit[n]uril, Q[n], have shown considerable potential in vitro as drug delivery agents, with only a few examples of pharmacokinetic (PK) studies for drug⊂Q[n]. Drug-free Q[n] PK studies are the next step in determining the pharmacological applicability in their drug delivery potential. The results for the first PK and bio-distribution of drug-free 14C-Q[7] are described for administration via intravenous (i.v.) and intraperitoneal (i.p.) dosing. A study of oral administration of drug-free 14C-Q[8] has also been undertaken to determine the time course for the gastrointestinal tract (GIT), absorption and subsequent bio-distribution. Q[10], a potential drug carrier for larger drugs, was evaluated for its effect on the PK profile of a dinuclear ruthenium complex (Rubb12), a potential antimicrobial agent. The Rubb12⊂Q[10] complex and free Rubb12 were administered by i.v. to determine differences in Rubb12 plasma concentrations and organ accumulation. Interestingly, the PK profiles and bio-distribution observed for Q[7] showed similarities to those of Rubb12⊂Q[10]. Drug-free Q[7] has a relatively fast plasma clearance and a generally low organ accumulation except for the kidneys. Drug-free Q[8] showed a low absorption from the GIT into the blood stream but the small percentage absorbed reflected the organ accumulation of Q[7]. These results provide a better understanding of the probable PK profile and bio-distribution for a drug⊂Q[n] through the influence of the drug delivery vehicle and the positive clearance of drug-free Q[n] via the kidneys supports its potential value in future drug delivery applications.

Graphical abstract: Probing the pharmacokinetics of cucurbit[7, 8 and 10]uril: and a dinuclear ruthenium antimicrobial complex encapsulated in cucurbit[10]uril

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Mar 2017, accepted on 20 Apr 2017 and first published on 20 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7OB00724H
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Probing the pharmacokinetics of cucurbit[7, 8 and 10]uril: and a dinuclear ruthenium antimicrobial complex encapsulated in cucurbit[10]uril

    F. Li, A. K. Gorle, M. Ranson, K. L. Vine, R. Kinobe, M. Feterl, J. M. Warner, F. R. Keene, J. G. Collins and A. I. Day, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7OB00724H

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