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All-inorganic perovskite nanocrystal assisted extraction of hot electrons and biexcitons from photoexcited CdTe quantum dots

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Abstract

Excitation of semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) by photons possessing energy higher than the band-gap creates a hot electron–hole pair, which releases its excess energy as waste heat or under certain conditions (when > 2Eg) produces multiple excitons. Extraction of these hot carriers and multiple excitons is one of the key strategies for enhancing the efficiency of QD-based photovoltaic devices. However, this is a difficult task as competing carrier cooling and relaxation of multiple excitons (through Auger recombination) are ultrafast processes. Herein, we study the potential of all-inorganic perovskite nanocrystals (NCs) of CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br) as harvesters of these short-lived species from photo-excited CdTe QDs. The femtosecond transient absorption measurements show CsPbX3 mediated extraction of both hot and thermalized electrons of the QDs (under a low pump power) and (under a high pump fluence) extraction of multiple excitons prior to their Auger assisted recombination. A faster timescale of thermalized electron transfer (∼2 ps) and a higher extraction efficiency of hot electrons (∼60%) are observed in the presence of CsPbBr3. These observations demonstrate the potential of all-inorganic perovskite NCs in the extraction of these short-lived energy rich species implying that complexes of the QDs and perovskite NCs are better suited for improving the efficiency of QD-sensitized solar cells.

Graphical abstract: All-inorganic perovskite nanocrystal assisted extraction of hot electrons and biexcitons from photoexcited CdTe quantum dots

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Publication details

The article was received on 20 Oct 2017, accepted on 27 Nov 2017 and first published on 28 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR07830G
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    All-inorganic perovskite nanocrystal assisted extraction of hot electrons and biexcitons from photoexcited CdTe quantum dots

    N. Mondal, A. De and A. Samanta, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR07830G

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