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Amorphous red phosphorus nanosheets anchored on graphene layers as high performance anodes for lithium ion batteries

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Abstract

A facile solution-based method was developed to combine the advantage of amorphous nanoscale red P sheets and highly conductive graphene, forming a high-performance P/graphene composite anode for advanced lithium ion batteries. Graphene can be easily expanded into a 3D framework in solution with rich interior porosity and abundant adsorption points, which enables a large percentage of red P to be loaded and form a uniform P/graphene hybrid structure. The nanoscale and amorphous features of red P effectively reduce the volume expansion and mechanical stress within individual P sheets, thereby alleviating P pulverization during cycling. The well dispersed graphene serves as a buffer layer to accommodate the volume expansion and adsorb the stress during electrochemical reactions, thereby maintaining a robust electrode structure. Besides, the highly conductive graphene greatly enhances the ionic/electronic conductivity of the electrode, which favors efficient redox reactions and high P utilization. Based on the superior composite structure, the potentials of both components can be fully exerted, resulting in excellent electrochemical performance. The P/graphene electrode delivered a high reversible capacity of 1286 mA h g−1 based on the weight of the composite after 100 cycles at 200 mA g−1. Even at a high current density of 1000 mA g−1, the composite electrode exhibits a high capacity of 1125 mA h g−1, revealing its potential as a high-performance P-carbon composite anode for advanced lithium ion batteries.

Graphical abstract: Amorphous red phosphorus nanosheets anchored on graphene layers as high performance anodes for lithium ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Aug 2017, accepted on 06 Nov 2017 and first published on 07 Nov 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR06476D
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017, Advance Article
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    Amorphous red phosphorus nanosheets anchored on graphene layers as high performance anodes for lithium ion batteries

    L. Sun, Y. Zhang, D. Zhang and Y. Zhang, Nanoscale, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR06476D

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