Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 39, 2017
Previous Article Next Article

Nanocellulose as a sustainable biomass material: structure, properties, present status and future prospects in biomedical applications

Author affiliations

Abstract

Nanocellulose, extracted from the most abundant biomass material cellulose, has proved to be an environmentally friendly material with excellent mechanical performance owing to its unique nano-scaled structure, and has been used in a variety of applications as engineering and functional materials. The great biocompatibility and biodegradability, in particular, render nanocellulose promising in biomedical applications. In this review, the structure, treatment technology and properties of three different nanocellulose categories, i.e., nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC), nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC), are introduced and compared. The cytotoxicity, biocompatibility and frontier applications in biomedicine of the three nanocellulose categories were the focus and are detailed in each section. Future prospects concerning the cytotoxicity, applications and industrial production of nanocellulose are also discussed in the last section.

Graphical abstract: Nanocellulose as a sustainable biomass material: structure, properties, present status and future prospects in biomedical applications

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jul 2017, accepted on 01 Sep 2017 and first published on 05 Sep 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04994C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 14758-14781
  •   Request permissions

    Nanocellulose as a sustainable biomass material: structure, properties, present status and future prospects in biomedical applications

    Y. Xue, Z. Mou and H. Xiao, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 14758
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04994C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements