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Nanocellulose as Sustainable Biomass Material: Structure, Properties, Present Status and Future Prospects in Biomedical Applications

Abstract

Nanocellulose, extracted from the most abundant biomass material ―― cellulose, has proven to be an environmentally friendly material with excellent mechanical performance owing to its unique nano-scaled structure, and has been used in a variety of applications as engineering and functional materials. The great biocompatibility and biodegradability, in particular, render nanocellulose promising in biomedical applications. In this review, the structure, treatment technology and properties of three different nanocellulose categories, i.e., nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC), nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC) and bacterial nanocellulose (BNC), are introduced and compared. The cytotoxicity, biocompatibility and frontier applications in biomedicine of the three nanocellulose categories were the focus and detailed in each section. Future prospects concerning the cytotoxicity in applications and industrial production of nanocellulose are also discussed in the last section.

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Jul 2017, accepted on 01 Sep 2017 and first published on 05 Sep 2017


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04994C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017, Accepted Manuscript
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    Nanocellulose as Sustainable Biomass Material: Structure, Properties, Present Status and Future Prospects in Biomedical Applications

    Y. Xue, Z. Mou and H. Xiao, Nanoscale, 2017, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04994C

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