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Issue 35, 2017
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High thermal conductivity through simultaneously aligned polyethylene lamellae and graphene nanoplatelets

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Abstract

The effect of simultaneous alignment of polyethylene (PE) lamellae and graphene nanoplatelets (GnP) on the thermal conductivity (k) of PE–GnP composites is investigated. Measurements reveal a large increase of 1100% in k of the aligned PE–GnP composite using 10 wt% GnPs relative to unoriented pure PE. The rate of increase of k with applied strain for the pure PE–GnP composite with 10 wt% GnP is found to be almost a factor of two higher than the pure PE sample, pointing to the beneficial effect of GnP alignment on k enhancement. Aligned GnPs are further found to be 3 times as effective in enhancing k as in the randomly oriented configuration. Enhancement in k is correlated with the alignment of PE lamellae and GnPs through wide-angle X-ray scattering and polarized Raman spectroscopy. At the maximum applied strain of 400% and using 10 wt% GnPs, a composite k of 5.9 W mK−1 is achieved. These results demonstrate the great potential of simultaneous alignment effects in achieving high k polymer composites.

Graphical abstract: High thermal conductivity through simultaneously aligned polyethylene lamellae and graphene nanoplatelets

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Publication details

The article was received on 29 Jun 2017, accepted on 08 Aug 2017 and first published on 09 Aug 2017


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04686C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 12867-12873
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    High thermal conductivity through simultaneously aligned polyethylene lamellae and graphene nanoplatelets

    M. Saeidijavash, J. Garg, B. Grady, B. Smith, Z. Li, R. J. Young, F. Tarannum and N. Bel Bekri, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 12867
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04686C

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