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Issue 39, 2017
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Supported pulmonary surfactant bilayers on silica nanoparticles: formulation, stability and impact on lung epithelial cells

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Abstract

Studies have shown that following exposure to particulate matter, ultrafine fractions (<100 nm) may deposit along the respiratory tract down to the alveolar region. To assess the effects of nanoparticles on the lungs, it is essential to address the question of their biophysicochemical interaction with the different pulmonary environments, including the lung lining fluids and the epithelia. Here we examine one of these interactive scenarios and study the role of supported lipid bilayers (SLB) in the effect of 40 nm fluorescent silica particles on living cells. We first study the particle phase behavior in the presence of Curosurf®, a pulmonary surfactant substitute used in replacement therapies. It is found that Curosurf® vesicles interact strongly with the nanoparticles, but do not spontaneously form SLBs. To achieve this goal, we use sonication to reshape the vesicular membranes and induce lipid fusion around the particles. Centrifugal sedimentation and electron microscopy are carried out to determine the optimum coating conditions and layer thickness. We then explore the impact of surfactant SLBs on the cytotoxic potential and interactions towards a malignant epithelial cell line. All in vitro assays indicate that SLBs mitigate the particle toxicity and internalization rates. In the cytoplasm, the particle localization is also strongly coating dependent. It is concluded that SLBs profoundly affect cellular interactions and functions in vitro and could represent an alternative strategy for particle coating. The current data also shed some light on the potential mechanisms pertaining to the particle or pathogen transport through the air–blood barrier.

Graphical abstract: Supported pulmonary surfactant bilayers on silica nanoparticles: formulation, stability and impact on lung epithelial cells

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jun 2017, accepted on 06 Sep 2017 and first published on 06 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04574C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 14967-14978
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    Supported pulmonary surfactant bilayers on silica nanoparticles: formulation, stability and impact on lung epithelial cells

    F. Mousseau, C. Puisney, S. Mornet, R. L. Borgne, A. Vacher, M. Airiau, A. Baeza-Squiban and J.-F. Berret, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 14967
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NR04574C

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