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Issue 22, 2017
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Lightweight and efficient microwave absorbing materials based on walnut shell-derived nano-porous carbon

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Abstract

Lightweight microwave absorbing materials have drawn tremendous attention. Herein, nano-porous biomass carbon materials have been prepared by carbonization with a subsequent potassium hydroxide activation of walnut shells and the microwave absorption properties have also been investigated. The obtained samples have large specific surface areas with numerous micropores and nanopores. The sample activated at 600 °C with a specific surface area of 736.2 m2 g−1 exhibits the most enhanced microwave absorption performance. It has the maximum reflection loss of −42.4 dB at 8.88 GHz and the effective absorption bandwidth (reflection loss below −10 dB) is 1.76 GHz (from 8.08 GHz to 9.84 GHz), corresponding to a thickness of 2 mm. Additionally, the effective absorption bandwidth can reach 2.24 GHz (from 10.48 GHz to 12.72 GHz) when the absorber thickness is 1.5 mm. Three-dimensional porous architecture, interfacial polarization relaxation loss, and the dipolar relaxation loss make a great contribution to the excellent microwave absorption performance. In contrast, the non-activated sample with lower specific surface area (435.3 m2 g−1) has poor microwave absorption performance due to a poor dielectric loss capacity. This comparison highlights the role of micropores and nanopores in improving the dielectric loss property of porous carbon materials. To sum up, porous biomass carbon has great potential to become lightweight microwave absorbers. Moreover, KOH is an efficient activation agent in the fabrication of carbonaceous materials.

Graphical abstract: Lightweight and efficient microwave absorbing materials based on walnut shell-derived nano-porous carbon

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Apr 2017, accepted on 04 May 2017 and first published on 05 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR02628E
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 7408-7418
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    Lightweight and efficient microwave absorbing materials based on walnut shell-derived nano-porous carbon

    X. Qiu, L. Wang, H. Zhu, Y. Guan and Q. Zhang, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 7408
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NR02628E

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