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Issue 20, 2017
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The hot carrier diffusion coefficient of sub-10 nm virgin MoS2: uncovered by non-contact optical probing

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Abstract

We report a novel approach for non-contact simultaneous determination of the hot carrier diffusion coefficient (D) and interface thermal resistance (R) of sub-10 nm virgin mechanically exfoliated MoS2 nanosheets on c-Si. The effect of hot carrier diffusion in heat conduction by photon excitation, diffusion, and recombination is identified by varying the heating spot size from 0.294 μm to 1.14 μm (radius) and probing the local temperature rise using Raman spectroscopy. R is determined as 4.46–7.66 × 10−8 K m2 W−1, indicating excellent contact between MoS2 and c-Si. D is determined to be 1.18+0.30−0.23, 1.07+0.37−0.26, 1.20+0.34−0.27 and 1.62+0.30−0.23 cm2 s−1 for 3.6 nm, 5.4 nm, 8.4 nm, and 9.0 nm thick MoS2 samples, showing little dependence on the thickness. The hot carrier diffusion length (LD) can be determined without knowledge of the hot carrier's life-time. The four samples LD is determined as 0.344+0.041−0.036 (3.6 nm), 0.327+0.052−0.043 (5.4 nm), 0.346+0.046−0.042 (8.4 nm), and 0.402+0.036−0.030 μm (9.0 nm). Unlike previous methods that are implemented by making electrical contact and applying an electric field for D measurement, our technique has the advantage of being truly non-contact and non-invasive, and is able to characterize the electron diffusion behavior of virgin 2D materials. Also it points out that hot carrier diffusion needs to be taken into serious consideration in Raman-based thermal property characterization of 2D materials, especially under very tightly focused laser heating whose spot size is comparable to the hot carrier diffusion length.

Graphical abstract: The hot carrier diffusion coefficient of sub-10 nm virgin MoS2: uncovered by non-contact optical probing

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Mar 2017, accepted on 19 Apr 2017 and first published on 20 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR02089A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 6808-6820
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    The hot carrier diffusion coefficient of sub-10 nm virgin MoS2: uncovered by non-contact optical probing

    P. Yuan, J. Liu, R. Wang and X. Wang, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 6808
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NR02089A

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