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Direct observation of cation distributions of ideal inverse spinel CoFe2O4 nanofibres and correlated magnetic properties

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Abstract

Low-dimensional spinel ferrites have recently attracted increasing attention because their tunable magnetic properties make them attractive candidates as spin-filtering tunnel barriers in spintronic devices and as magnetic components in artificial multiferroic heterostructures. Although we know that the distribution of cations (Fe3+ and Co2+) in a spinel structure governs its magnetic properties, their distribution in the so-called ideal inverse spinel structure of a ferrite, CoFe2O4, has not yet been imaged with sub-ångstrom resolution. In this work, we fill this gap in evidence by reporting a direct observation of the distribution of cations in an ideal inverse spinel structure of CoFe2O4 nanofibres using aberration-corrected transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The ordering of Co2+ and Fe3+ at the octahedral sites imaged along either [001], [011] or [−112] orientation was identified as 1 : 1, in accordance with the ideal inverse spinel structure. The saturation magnetisation calculated based on the crystal structure as determined from the TEM image is in good agreement with that measured experimentally on the spinel CoFe2O4 nanofibres, further confirming results from TEM.

Graphical abstract: Direct observation of cation distributions of ideal inverse spinel CoFe2O4 nanofibres and correlated magnetic properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Mar 2017, accepted on 22 Apr 2017 and first published on 25 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR02013A
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017, Advance Article
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    Direct observation of cation distributions of ideal inverse spinel CoFe2O4 nanofibres and correlated magnetic properties

    X. Zeng, J. Zhang, S. Zhu, X. Deng, H. Ma, J. Zhang, Q. Zhang, P. Li, D. Xue, N. J. Mellors, X. Zhang and Y. Peng, Nanoscale, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR02013A

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