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Interfacial synthesis of a three-dimensional hierarchical MoS2-NS@Ag-NP nanocomposite as a SERS nanosensor for ultrasensitive thiram detection

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Abstract

Interfacial self-assembly of ordered nanostructures at oil–water interfaces towards the fabrication of nanofilms has attracted the interest of plenty of scientists, since its discovery in 2004. Herein, further developments have been achieved, and we report a new strategy for the synthesis of a three-dimensional (3D) hierarchical nanostructure, through an interfacial synthesis driven microemulsion process. Thus, the synthesis route has been simplified, with the rigorous experimental conditions of traditional compositing technology. Combined with a two-step seed-mediated growth method for preparing uniform Ag-NPs, a plasmonic 3D MoS2-NS@Ag-NP nanostructure was successfully developed as a Surface-Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) active substrate, with plenty of surface hot spots, leading to an enhancement factor (EF) of 1.2 × 108 derived from both electromagnetic mechanism (EM) and chemical mechanism (CM) effects. The 3D MoS2-NS@Ag-NP nanostructure can be applied to detect trace thiram in apple juice and local lake water, with a detection limit as low as 10 ppb (42 nM), which is much lower than the maximal residue limit (MRL) of 7 ppm in fruit prescribed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Furthermore, quantitative analysis was achieved in the range of 10 ppb–1 ppm with good homogeneity and selectivity.

Graphical abstract: Interfacial synthesis of a three-dimensional hierarchical MoS2-NS@Ag-NP nanocomposite as a SERS nanosensor for ultrasensitive thiram detection

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Publication details

The article was received on 17 Mar 2017, accepted on 30 May 2017 and first published on 06 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR01891F
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017, Advance Article
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    Interfacial synthesis of a three-dimensional hierarchical MoS2-NS@Ag-NP nanocomposite as a SERS nanosensor for ultrasensitive thiram detection

    X. Liang, Y. Wang, T. You, X. Zhang, N. Yang, G. Wang and P. Yin, Nanoscale, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR01891F

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