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Highly transparent supercapacitors based on ZnO/MnO2 nanostructures

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Abstract

The recent rapid development of transparent electronics, notably displays and control circuits, requires the development of highly transparent energy storage devices, such as supercapacitors. The devices reported to date utilize carbon-based electrodes for high performance, however at the cost of their low transparency around 50%, insufficient for real transparent devices. To overcome this obstacle, in this communication highly transparent supercapacitors were fabricated based on ZnO/MnO2 nanostructured electrodes. ZnO served as an intrinsically transparent skeleton for increasing the electrode surface, while MnO2 nanoparticles were applied for high capacitance. Two MnO2 synthesis routes were followed, based on the reaction of KMnO4 with Mn(Ac)2 and PAH, leading to the synthesis of β-MnO2 with minority α-MnO2 nanoparticles and amorphous MnO2 with embedded β-MnO2, respectively. The devices based on such electrodes showed high capacitances of 2.6 mF cm−2 and 1.6 mF cm−2, respectively, at a scan rate of 1 mV s−1 and capacitances of 104 μF cm−2 and 204 μF cm−2 at a very high rate of 1 V s−1, not studied for transparent supercapacitors previously. Additionally, the Mn(Ac)2 devices exhibited very high transparencies of 86% vs. air, far superior to other transparent energy storage devices reported with similar charge storage properties. This high device performance was achieved with a non-acidic LiCl gel electrolyte, reducing corrosion and handling risks associated with conventional highly concentrated acidic electrolytes, enabling applications in safe, wearable, transparent devices.

Graphical abstract: Highly transparent supercapacitors based on ZnO/MnO2 nanostructures

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Publication details

The article was received on 22 Feb 2017, accepted on 23 Apr 2017 and first published on 26 Apr 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR01320E
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017, Advance Article
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    Highly transparent supercapacitors based on ZnO/MnO2 nanostructures

    M. A. Borysiewicz, M. Ekielski, Z. Ogorzałek, M. Wzorek, J. Kaczmarski and T. Wojciechowski, Nanoscale, 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NR01320E

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