Molecularly-thin Anatase field-effect transistors fabricated through the solid state transformation of titania nanosheets
We demonstrate the field-effect transistor (FET) operation of molecularly-thin anatase phase produced through solid state transformation from Ti0.87O2 nanosheets. Monolayer Ti0.87O2 nanosheet with a thickness of 0.7 nm is two-dimensional oxide insulators in which Ti vacancies are incorporated, rather than oxygen vacancies. Since the fabrication method, in general, largely affects the film quality, the anatase films derived from Ti0.87O2 nanosheet show interesting characteristics, such as no photocurrent peak at ~2 eV, which is related to oxygen vacancies, and a larger band gap of 3.8 eV. The 10-nm thick anatase FETs exhibit superior transport characteristics with a maximum mobility of ~1.3 cm2V-1s-1 and current on/off ratio of ~105 at room temperature. The molecularly-thin anatase FET may provide new functionalities, such as field-effect control of catalytic properties.