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Issue 25, 2017
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Dirac node lines in two-dimensional Lieb lattices

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As a new type of quantum matter, Dirac node line (DNL) semimetals are currently attracting widespread interest in condensed matter physics and materials science. The DNL, featured by a closed line consisting of linear band crossings in the momentum space, was mostly predicted in three-dimensional materials. Here, we propose a tight-binding (TB) model of pz + px,y or pz + s orbitals defined on the two-dimensional (2D) Lieb lattice for the 2D version of DNL semimetals. The DNL states in these models are caused by the inversion of the bands with different symmetries and thus robust against spin–orbit interaction. By means of first-principles calculations, we demonstrate two candidate materials: Be2C and BeH2 monolayers, which have Fermi circles centred at Γ(0,0) and K(1/2,1/2) points, respectively. Their Fermi velocities are higher than that in graphene. The non-zero Z2 topological invariant accompanied by the edge states is revealed in these materials. This work opens an avenue for the design of 2D DNL semimetals.

Graphical abstract: Dirac node lines in two-dimensional Lieb lattices

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The article was received on 18 Jan 2017, accepted on 24 May 2017 and first published on 25 May 2017

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NR00411G
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 8740-8746
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    Dirac node lines in two-dimensional Lieb lattices

    B. Yang, X. Zhang and M. Zhao, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 8740
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NR00411G

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