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Issue 14, 2017
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Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots

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Abstract

Understanding the photoexcited carrier-relaxation actions in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots (BPQDs) will play a crucial role in the fields of electronics and optoelectronics. Herein, we report the ultraviolet (UV) saturable absorption and ultrafast photoexcited carrier-relaxation dynamics of BPQDs. The ultrasmall BPQDs are synthesized using a facile liquid-exfoliation method and possess a diameter of 3.8 ± 0.6 nm and a thickness of 1.5 ± 0.4 nm. Femtosecond open-aperture (OA) Z-scan measurements showed typical saturable absorption properties in the UV band. A negative nonlinear optical (NLO) absorption coefficient of −(1.4 ± 0.3) × 10−3 cm GW−1 and a saturable intensity of 6.6 ± 1.3 GW cm−2 were determined. Using a degenerate pump–probe technique, an ultrafast photoexcited carrier-recombination time was observed in the range of 216–305 fs, which was 3 orders of magnitude faster than that of BP nanosheets. Such an ultrafast relaxation component may be attributable to the edge- and step-mediated recombination and was confirmed by our density functional theory (DFT) calculations. This work provides fundamental insight into the underlying mechanism of the photoexcited carrier relaxation dynamic action in BPQDs which can enable UV photonic devices.

Graphical abstract: Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots

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Publication details

The article was received on 28 Nov 2016, accepted on 11 Jan 2017 and first published on 11 Jan 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6NR09235G
Citation: Nanoscale, 2017,9, 4683-4690
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    Ultraviolet saturable absorption and ultrafast carrier dynamics in ultrasmall black phosphorus quantum dots

    Y. W. Wang, S. Liu, B. W. Zeng, H. Huang, J. Xiao, J. B. Li, M. Q. Long, S. Xiao, X. F. Yu, Y. L. Gao and J. He, Nanoscale, 2017, 9, 4683
    DOI: 10.1039/C6NR09235G

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