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Roles of coating carbon, conductive additive and binders in lithium vanadium phosphate/reduced graphene oxide composite cathodes

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Abstract

The electrochemical performance of lithium transition metal phosphate cathode can be highly influenced not only by the active material itself but also by carbon coating, conductive additives and binders. This work presents a systematic study of the roles of the above factors using lithium vanadium phosphate/reduced graphene oxide composite (LVP/rGO composite) cathode as an example. A series of LVP/rGO composites were prepared via a sol–gel route as a function of coating carbon (rGO) content. Typical cathodes (with conductive additive and binder) and single-component cathodes (without conductive additive or binder) were fabricated for comparison. Results of SEM and electrochemical tests demonstrated that a conductive network composed of super P and PVDF shows compromised high rate performance due to the low conductivity of PVDF and lack of intimate contact between super P and the active material. As a coating carbon, rGO on one hand regulated the particle size of LVP and on the other hand formed a continuous conductive network tightly coated on LVP, which improved the electronic conductivity and maintains the electrode integrity. Supreme high rate performance was achieved using rGO coating carbon solely without any conductive additive or binder.

Graphical abstract: Roles of coating carbon, conductive additive and binders in lithium vanadium phosphate/reduced graphene oxide composite cathodes

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Aug 2017, accepted on 14 Oct 2017 and first published on 16 Oct 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02821K
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Roles of coating carbon, conductive additive and binders in lithium vanadium phosphate/reduced graphene oxide composite cathodes

    H. Huo, Z. Lin, S. Guo, J. Shao, G. Zhang and Q. Wang, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02821K

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