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Issue 22, 2017
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Selection of catalytically active elements for removing NO and CO from flue gas at low temperatures

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Abstract

Selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides with carbonic oxide (CO-SCR) has been suggested as an attractive and promising method for removing NO and CO simultaneously from flue gas. Nevertheless, the presence of oxygen has an inhibitory effect on the catalytic reaction. Based on CO-SCR on a urea modified metal oxide catalyst, a novel method was proposed to achieve NO and CO removal under oxygen-rich conditions via heterogeneous catalysis (CO-SCR, CO oxidation and urea-SCR). The selection of suitable active metal elements for catalysts is the pivotal issue in present research. This paper shows a comprehensive thermodynamic study for screening active metals through studying the properties of 28 different metal oxide reduction reactions and 11 different oxidation reactions at different temperatures referring to 20 preselected elements. This research mainly includes thermodynamic equilibrium calculations at different oxygen concentrations, detailed analyses of the NO and CO removal mechanism and thermodynamic screening of active metal elements based on the Gibbs free energy change (ΔG) at different temperatures. On the basis of the systematic thermodynamic study, the metal elements Mn, Cu, Pb and V have been selected as suitable for removing NO and CO from flue gas at low temperatures (50–120 °C).

Graphical abstract: Selection of catalytically active elements for removing NO and CO from flue gas at low temperatures

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Jul 2017, accepted on 27 Sep 2017 and first published on 28 Sep 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02694C
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017,41, 13993-13999
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    Selection of catalytically active elements for removing NO and CO from flue gas at low temperatures

    K. Liu, Q. Yu, J. Liu, K. Wang, Z. Han, Y. Xuan and Q. Qin, New J. Chem., 2017, 41, 13993
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02694C

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