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Issue 17, 2017
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Behavior and mechanism investigation of separating Pt and Ir by liquid–liquid extraction using a mixed [C6bet]Br/[C6mim][NTF2] system

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Abstract

In the process of recovering platinum group metals by extraction, separation of Pt and Ir is very difficult because Pt(IV) and Ir(IV) show similar chemical properties and extraction behaviours in hydrochloric acid medium. In this paper, a betaine-based ionic liquid [C6bet]Br was firstly applied to the separation of Pt(IV) and Ir(IV). [C6bet]Br showed remarkable precipitation performance of Pt(IV) and Ir(IV). The impactful extraction was realized by importing [C6mim][NTF2] as the hydrophobic phase with extraction efficiencies of ca. 99% and 88% under optimal conditions. A selective reduction process for Ir(IV) was firstly proposed for the separation of these two similar PGMs by using hydroxylamine hydrochloride (NH2OH·HCl). The mechanism of extracting Pt(IV)/Ir(IV) using [C6bet]Br was confirmed to be an anion-exchange process by spectroscopic analysis (UV-Vis, FT-IR, 1H NMR) and the method of continuous variation. The electrostatic potential map of [C6bet]Br was calculated for the first time to confirm the anion-exchange mechanism. 8 M HCl was effective for the back extraction of Pt(IV) and Ir(IV).

Graphical abstract: Behavior and mechanism investigation of separating Pt and Ir by liquid–liquid extraction using a mixed [C6bet]Br/[C6mim][NTF2] system

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Jul 2017, accepted on 12 Jul 2017 and first published on 13 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02361H
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017,41, 8985-8992
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    Behavior and mechanism investigation of separating Pt and Ir by liquid–liquid extraction using a mixed [C6bet]Br/[C6mim][NTF2] system

    Y. Yan, Q. Wang, Z. Xiang, Y. Zheng, S. Wang and Y. Yang, New J. Chem., 2017, 41, 8985
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02361H

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