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Graphene coated Co3V2O8 micro-pencils for enhanced-performance in lithium ion batteries

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Abstract

Transition metal vanadates have attracted much attention for high capacity anodes of lithium ion batteries (LIBs). However, they have obvious drawbacks (short cycle-lives and low rate performance) because of the intrinsically low electronic conductivity and serious volume variation during Li-ion desorption and insertion. In particular, pure Co3V2O8 micro-pencils (pCVO MPs) have a stable and regular crystal structure, large tap density and uniform grain size, but, unfortunately, they have not exhibited expected electrochemical performance. Herein, we report the successful preparation of reduced graphene oxide coated Co3V2O8 micro-pencils (rGO@CVO MPs) through a facile approach combining hydrothermal synthesis with thermal reduction. When tested as anodes for LIBs, rGO@CVO MPs exhibit superior electrochemical performance compared to that of pure Co3V2O8 micro-pencils (pCVO MPs). The anodes of rGO@CVO MPs show a high reversible capacity of 760 mA h g−1 over 200 cycles at 200 mA g−1, and 500 mA h g−1 can remain after 500 cycles at 1000 mA g−1, with an increase in 200 mA h g−1 in contrast to the pCVO MPs. It is consequently demonstrated that the composite material (rGO@CVO MPs) is a promising anode material for LIBs.

Graphical abstract: Graphene coated Co3V2O8 micro-pencils for enhanced-performance in lithium ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Jun 2017, accepted on 11 Aug 2017 and first published on 25 Aug 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02219K
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Graphene coated Co3V2O8 micro-pencils for enhanced-performance in lithium ion batteries

    M. Wu, J. Yang, T. Feng, W. Jiang, D. Xia, F. Gong and J. Liao, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ02219K

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