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Selective detection of inorganic phosphates in live cells based on a responsive fluorescence probe

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Abstract

In this work, we have designed and synthesized a new 4-phenylthiazole-Cu2+ ensemble, L-Cu2+, as a fluorescence probe for the quantitative detection of inorganic phosphates (Pi) in aqueous and live cells. A fluorescent ligand, 2-((4-phenylthiazole-2-imino)methyl)-5-diethylaminophenol (L), was synthesized and its chemical structure was well characterized. L exhibited a high affinity (Ka = 3.27 × 105 M−1) and specificity for Cu2+ ions through a 1 : 1 stoichiometry to form a fluorescence sluggish L-Cu2+ ensemble. This L-Cu2+ ensemble was then employed as a turn-on fluorescence probe for the detection of Pi. Spectroscopic studies revealed that L-Cu2+ possesses excellent tolerance to other common interference anions, and in particular to AMP, ADP, ATP, PPi. The detection limit of L-Cu2+ to Pi was determined to be 0.2 μM. The desirable features of L-Cu2+, such as high specificity and sensitivity and low cytotoxicty, enable its application in the detection of Pi in biological samples. Fluorescence imaging of Pi in live MDA-MB-231 cells was conducted to demonstrate its capability in bioimaging applications. Quantitative analysis of Pi in single cells was then demonstrated using flow cytometry.

Graphical abstract: Selective detection of inorganic phosphates in live cells based on a responsive fluorescence probe

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Jun 2017, accepted on 23 Jul 2017 and first published on 24 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01983A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Selective detection of inorganic phosphates in live cells based on a responsive fluorescence probe

    H. Feng, Y. Wang, H. Jia, R. Zhang, Q. Han, Q. Meng and Z. Zhang, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01983A

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