Jump to main content
Jump to site search


Morphological and in vitro evaluation of programmed cell death in MCF-7 cells by new organoruthenium(II) complexes

Author affiliations

Abstract

Cyclopentadienyl ruthenium(II) thiosemicarbazone complexes with the general formula [Ru(η5-C5H5)(Ac-tsc)PPh3]·Cl (1), [Ru(η5-C5H5)(Ac-mtsc)PPh3]·Cl (2), [Ru(η5-C5H5)(Ac-etsc)PPh3]·Cl (3) and [Ru(η5-C5H5)(Ac-ptsc)PPh3] (4) were synthesized and characterized by various spectroscopic techniques (1H NMR, 13C NMR, IR and UV-vis). The molecular structures of the representative complexes 2 and 4 were studied by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The interactions of all the ligands and complexes with calf thymus DNA (CT-DNA) and bovine serum albumin (BSA) were studied using UV-vis and fluorescence emission spectroscopy. The results of binding studies revealed that the effective binding potentials of the complexes were higher than those of their parent ligands. All the new complexes 1–4 were investigated for their in vitro cytotoxic activity against MCF-7 human breast cancer cell line. All the complexes significantly inhibited cell proliferation in MCF-7 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Cytological observations via an inverted phase contrast microscope and a Hoechst 33342/PI dual-staining assay showed typical apoptotic morphology of cancer cells upon treatment with complexes 2 and 3. It can thus be suggested that the complexes 2 and 3 are modulated by apoptosis. The findings of the present study indicated that complexes 2 and 3 may become potent drugs for the treatment of cancer-related diseases only after further investigation.

Graphical abstract: Morphological and in vitro evaluation of programmed cell death in MCF-7 cells by new organoruthenium(ii) complexes

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 17 May 2017, accepted on 03 Jul 2017 and first published on 03 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01707C
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
  •   Request permissions

    Morphological and in vitro evaluation of programmed cell death in MCF-7 cells by new organoruthenium(II) complexes

    G. Devagi, F. Reyhaneh, F. Dallemer, R. Jayakumar, P. Kalaivani and R. Prabhakaran, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01707C

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements