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Issue 16, 2017
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Cesium-doped graphene grown in situ with ultra-small TiO2 nanoparticles for high-performance lithium-ion batteries

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Abstract

For applications of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), to improve the electronic conductivity and the electrochemical kinetics of the electrode material, a novel composite of ultra-small TiO2 nanoparticles grown in situ on cesium-doped reduced graphene oxide was prepared. The ultra-small TiO2 nanoparticles (∼7 nm), which were obtained by refluxing in anhydrous ethanol, were evenly distributed on the graphene surface, endowing high reactivity with Li+. In particular, doping of graphene with Cs was proposed and was performed in the electrode material of LIBs by a facile method. The electron-doping effect of graphene was proved to increase the electronic conductivity of the composite. Benefiting from these properties, a Cs-doped rGO/TiO2 (CsGT) electrode displayed good cyclability and particularly outstanding rate capability. The CsGT electrode exhibited a capacity of 163 mA h g−1 at 0.4C after 100 cycles, as well as a capacity of 109 mA h g−1 with a retention of 55.4% when the current density was increased to 20C, which was much better than the performance of control samples. At a current density of 40C, the CsGT electrode exhibited a highly reversible capacity of 70 mA h g−1 after 1000 cycles. The superiority of doping with Cs in comparison with calcination under a reducing atmosphere is carefully discussed via detailed characterization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) analysis.

Graphical abstract: Cesium-doped graphene grown in situ with ultra-small TiO2 nanoparticles for high-performance lithium-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Apr 2017, accepted on 24 Jun 2017 and first published on 26 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01251A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017,41, 7938-7946
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    Cesium-doped graphene grown in situ with ultra-small TiO2 nanoparticles for high-performance lithium-ion batteries

    X. Lu, X. Xie, J. Luo and J. Sun, New J. Chem., 2017, 41, 7938
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01251A

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