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Decoration of Pd and Pt nanoparticles on a carbon nitride (C3N4) surface for nitro-compounds reduction and hydrogen evolution reaction

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Abstract

Herein, we propose the synthesis of Pd and Pt monometallic nanoparticles on a carbon nitride (C3N4) surface for the reduction of nitro compounds as well as for electrocatalysis. For the synthesis of C3N4/Pd and C3N4/Pt, metal ions were initially adsorbed on the C3N4 surface and then subsequently reduced by NaBH4. The as-synthesized heterostructures were authenticated by different characterization techniques: UV-vis, PXRD, XPS, TEM, FESEM, and EDS. Decorations of monometallic NPs on C3N4 not only improved the reduction efficiency of nitro-compounds but also enhanced the electrocatalytic activity in the hydrogen evolution reaction. C3N4/Pt proved to be an efficient electrocatalyst as it requires a potential of −0.339 V to attain a current density of 10 mA cm−2; whereas, C3N4/Pd requires −0.371 V to reach a current density of 10 mA cm−2 vs. Ag/AgCl. Both C3N4/Pd and Pt heterostructures are better than bare C3N4, which needs −0.596 V to achieve a current density of 10 mA cm−2 vs. Ag/AgCl. On the other hand, C3N4/Pd showed a better performance in nitro-compound reduction compared to C3N4/Pt and bare C3N4. The kinetic study reveals that the rate constant using a C3N4/Pd catalyst is 6.7 × 10−1 min−1 for p-nitroaniline reduction, which is 101 times higher compared to bare C3N4 and 4.7 times higher in comparison to C3N4/Pt.

Graphical abstract: Decoration of Pd and Pt nanoparticles on a carbon nitride (C3N4) surface for nitro-compounds reduction and hydrogen evolution reaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 Apr 2017, accepted on 24 Jul 2017 and first published on 24 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01221G
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Decoration of Pd and Pt nanoparticles on a carbon nitride (C3N4) surface for nitro-compounds reduction and hydrogen evolution reaction

    R. Nazir, P. Fageria, M. Basu, S. Gangopadhyay and S. Pande, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01221G

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