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Issue 13, 2017
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Platinum porphyrin/3-(trimethoxysily)propylmethacrylate functionalized flexible PDMS micropillar arrays as optical oxygen sensors

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Abstract

Integrating an oxygen-sensitive probe (OSP) onto a three-dimensional (3D) microstructure substrate is a plausible technique to significantly improve the sensitivity of oxygen sensors. Despite the fact that polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) matrices are regarded as the ideal sensory support, there are still no reports on an OSP functionalized flexible PDMS-based micropillar array (PDMS-MPAs) film as an optical oxygen sensor with capabilities to efficiently improve the sensor's overall performance, e.g. sensitivity, detection limit and stability against photo-bleaching. Herein, we reported the covalent bonding of a functional copolymer of platinum porphyrin (PtTPP)/3-(trimethoxysily)propylmethacrylate (PtTPP/TPMA) as the OSP on the surface of hydroxyl-modified PDMS-MPAs through a “grafting reaction” between PtTPP/TPMA and PDMS-MPAs. The homogeneous dispersion and well-isolated arrangement of the PtTPP/TPMA OSP on the 3D PDMS-MPA surface can ensure that the grafted OSP efficiently quenches the oxygen molecules. Consequently, the 3D PtTPP/TPMA-PDMS-MPA sensor film gives rise to a high fluorescence quenching efficiency of about 95% at 1 atm O2 (I0/I100 = 23) and 96% in aqueous solution (I0/IO2satu = 16) with an excellent linear Stern–Volmer plot (ksv = 0.1 h Pa−1, R2 = 0.997 in gas atmosphere and ksv = 12.8 mmol−1 L, R2 = 0.999 in aqueous solution, respectively), excellent reversibility and an ultra-low detection limit (4.7 μmol L−1) when compared with state-of-the-art PDMS-based oxygen sensors. Apart from the competitive sensitivity, the highly durable, reusable superiorities of the 3D PtTPP/TPMA-PDMS-MPA film can further facilitate the exploration and realization of the presented strategy for future oxygen sensor applications, such as the characterization of nearly anoxic systems in harsh environments.

Graphical abstract: Platinum porphyrin/3-(trimethoxysily)propylmethacrylate functionalized flexible PDMS micropillar arrays as optical oxygen sensors

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Publication details

The article was received on 10 Apr 2017, accepted on 16 May 2017 and first published on 31 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01187C
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017,41, 5429-5435
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    Platinum porphyrin/3-(trimethoxysily)propylmethacrylate functionalized flexible PDMS micropillar arrays as optical oxygen sensors

    Y. Mao, Q. Zhao, T. Pan, J. Shi, S. Jiang, M. Chen, B. Zhou and Y. Tian, New J. Chem., 2017, 41, 5429
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01187C

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