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Catalytic hydrogenation performance of an in situ assembled Au@g-C3N4–PANI nanoblend: synergistic inter-constituent interactions boost the catalysis

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Abstract

A novel gold–graphitic carbon nitride–polyaniline (Au@g-C3N4–PANI) nanoblend was synthesized via in situ oxidative polymerization of aniline using auric acid as an oxidant in the presence of g-C3N4. The structure and morphology of the nanoblend was characterized by UV-Vis, FT-IR, XRD, Raman, TGA, HR-TEM and SEM mapping analysis and the results demonstrate that Au nanoparticles with an average size of 10 nm are well-dispersed on the surface of g-C3N4–PANI. A systematic investigation of this new star Au@g-C3N4–PANI nanohybrid material shows an excellent catalytic performance in the hydrogenation of benzaldehyde (BZ) to benzyl alcohol (BA) in aqueous solution. The sustainable catalyst Au@g-C3N4–PANI has relatively high catalytic activity, stability and reusability compared to the sole and binary components, g-C3N4 and g-C3N4–PANI, under similar conditions. Au@g-C3N4–PANI exhibits a remarkable conversion percentage (99.9%), rate constant (0.5034 min−1) and turnover frequency (0.1666 mM mg−1 min−1) for the reduction of BZ. Its enhanced catalytic activity is attributed to a strong synergistic effect arising due to inter-constituent interactions between the Au nanoparticles and the covalently grafted PANI on the g-C3N4. The rate of BZ hydrogenation is found to be dependent on the concentrations of catalyst, substrate and reductant and the type of solvents. The stability and reusability of the catalyst and the catalysis mechanism are investigated and discussed.

Graphical abstract: Catalytic hydrogenation performance of an in situ assembled Au@g-C3N4–PANI nanoblend: synergistic inter-constituent interactions boost the catalysis

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Apr 2017, accepted on 13 Jun 2017 and first published on 13 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01085K
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Catalytic hydrogenation performance of an in situ assembled Au@g-C3N4–PANI nanoblend: synergistic inter-constituent interactions boost the catalysis

    B. Vellaichamy and P. Periakaruppan, New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ01085K

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