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Issue 16, 2017
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The microwave-assisted synthesis of 5-substituted 1H-tetrazoles via [3+2] cycloaddition over a heterogeneous Cu-based catalyst: application to the preparation of 13N-labelled tetrazoles

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Abstract

The [3+2] cycloaddition between various nitriles and sodium azide proceeds smoothly in the presence of a new CuII catalyst in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP) to give the corresponding 5-substituted 1H-tetrazoles. The desired tetrazoles were obtained in high yields within 3–30 min by employing controlled microwave heating. The reaction most probably proceeds through the activation of the nitrile groups by the CuII species, followed by a successive [3+2] cycloaddition with the sodium azide. The good performance of the catalyst enabled the preparation of selected tetrazoles labelled with the positron emitter nitrogen-13 even under conventional heating. The short reaction time, simple work-up procedure, and recyclability of the catalyst are advantages of the method reported here.

Graphical abstract: The microwave-assisted synthesis of 5-substituted 1H-tetrazoles via [3+2] cycloaddition over a heterogeneous Cu-based catalyst: application to the preparation of 13N-labelled tetrazoles

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Feb 2017, accepted on 30 Jun 2017 and first published on 30 Jun 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00568G
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017,41, 8084-8091
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    The microwave-assisted synthesis of 5-substituted 1H-tetrazoles via [3+2] cycloaddition over a heterogeneous Cu-based catalyst: application to the preparation of 13N-labelled tetrazoles

    S. M. Joshi, R. B. Mane, K. R. Pulagam, V. Gomez-Vallejo, J. Llop and C. Rode, New J. Chem., 2017, 41, 8084
    DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00568G

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