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Chemically modified biopolymer as an eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in a neutral chloride environment

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Abstract

The present study is aimed at the development of a novel, eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor based on a naturally occurring biopolymer. Chitin or poly(N-acetyl-1,4-β-D-glucopyranosamine) is one of the most abundant naturally occurring polysaccharides. It is a biological polymer, which is known to be non-toxic, biocompatible, and enzymatically biodegradable. In the present study, chitin has been chemically modified to phosphorylated chitin (P-chitin or PCT) in order to increase its solubility in aqueous medium and its ability of complexation with metal ions. The inhibition effect of PCT and PCT in combination with low concentrations of Zn2+ on the corrosion of mild steel in an aqueous environment containing 200 ppm NaCl has been studied using weight-loss, potentiodynamic polarization, and electrochemical impedance techniques. The synergistic effect of this functionalized biopolymer and Zn2+ is established from the results. This synergistic formulation afforded an inhibition efficiency of 94% for mild steel in a low chloride environment. The protective film formed on the mild steel surface has been investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The mechanistic aspects of corrosion inhibition are discussed.

Graphical abstract: Chemically modified biopolymer as an eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in a neutral chloride environment

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Feb 2017, accepted on 30 May 2017 and first published on 30 May 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00553A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article
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    Chemically modified biopolymer as an eco-friendly corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in a neutral chloride environment

    V. K. K. and A. R. B. V., New J. Chem., 2017, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C7NJ00553A

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